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Boer forces quickly occupied Newcastle. On the Boer side, the government was led by state president Martinus Theunis Steyn — until 30 May , when he went on sick-leave and was replaced by general Christiaan de Wet as acting state president. John Colenso , appointed bishop of Natal , arrived in The institutions adopted were to be as far as possible in accordance with the wishes of the people, but it was a fundamental condition "that there should not be in the eye of the law any distinction or disqualification whatever, founded on mere difference of colour, origin, language or creed". Harbour works were begun in , piers and jetties were constructed, dredgers imported, and controversy raged over the various schemes for harbour improvement. While dependent on the Cape, ordinances had been passed establishing Roman-Dutch law as the law of Natal, and save where modified by legislation it remained in force. At the end of there were not more than Dutch families left in Natal. Sir George then appointed Henry Cloete a brother of Colonel Cloete a special commissioner to explain to the Natal volksraad the decision of the government. Boer forces proceeded to Ladysmith and surrounded the town, cutting off its communications from the south. Moor as secretary for Native Affairs. He went on with ten companions, among them Henry Francis Fynn. Restrictions in this direction dated as far back as , while in an act was passed aimed at the exclusion of Indians from the suffrage. At the same time the railway system was continually developing under the Natal Railway Company. The Republic suffered from disorganized government and poor relations with the Zulus. The Indian population rapidly increased, the Indians becoming market gardeners, farmers, hawkers, and traders. The settlers had been joined in the year named by Allen Francis Gardiner , a naval officer, whose chief object was the evangelization of the natives. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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It controlled the operations for improving the sea entrance until , when on the establishment of responsible government it was abolished. In this year the railway reached Ladysmith , and in it was completed to the Transvaal frontier at Charlestown , the section from Ladysmith northward opening up the Dundee and Newcastle coalfields. On 7 January Selborne released a despatch, known as the Selborne Memorandum. Finally, in deference to the strongly urged views of Sir George Napier, Lord Stanley, in a despatch of 13 December, received in Cape Town on 23 April , consented to Natal becoming a British colony. However this proved unsatisfactory to the colonial government, and eighteen years later the kingdoms were annexed to the Natal colony, doubling its size. Indian South Africans First public auction of Natal sugar, Durban, The British settlers quickly realized that the coast lands were suited to the cultivation of tropical or semi-tropical products, and from onward sugar , coffee , cotton and arrowroot were introduced, tea being afterwards substituted for coffee. Thus a new industry was added to the resources of the colony. In a harbour board was formed under the chairmanship of Harry Escombe. When Liberal Party came into office in Britain in December the process was speeded up, with the decision to give both the Transvaal and Orange River colonies self-government without delay. Farewell, King and Fynn made independent settlements at various parts of the bay. It reviewed the situation in South Africa in all its economic and political aspects and was a masterly and comprehensive statement of the dangers inherent in the existing political system and of the advantages a political union offered. In the colony was offered self-government coupled with the obligations of self-defence. At the end of there were not more than Dutch families left in Natal. In the dependence of the country on Cape Colony was put to an end and Natal constituted a distinct colony with a legislative council of sixteen members, twelve elected by the inhabitants and four nominated by the Crown. The first Indian labourers reached Natal in Selborne had come to South Africa with a brief to guide the former Boer republics from Crown colony government towards self-government.
Колония-поселение — Википедия
On 7 January Selborne released a despatch, known as the Selborne Memorandum. They came as indentured laborers , but at the expiration of their contract were allowed to settle in the colony. Most of the Voortrekkers left by The first Legislative Assembly consisted of twenty-nine members of the Orangia Unie, five Constitutionalists and four independents. Selborne accepted the changed situation, and the experiment proved successful. With the support of the traders he founded a mission station on the hill overlooking the bay. Hitherto the Tugela from source to mouth had been the recognized frontier between Natal and Zululand. In he was joined by King, who had meantime visited England and had obtained from the government a letter of recommendation to Lord Charles Somerset , governor of the Cape, granting King permission to settle at Natal. A heavy sea from the Indian Ocean is always breaking on the shore, even in the finest weather, and at the mouth of every natural harbour a bar occurs. Boer forces quickly occupied Newcastle. Both unions had constitutions almost identical with that of the Afrikaner Bond , a former pan-Afrikaner political movement, and their aims were also similar — to secure the position of the Afrikaners in state and society. The Orange Free State government had moved to Kroonstad during the first months of the war and would subsequently convene in the field until the end of the war. In a harbour board was formed under the chairmanship of Harry Escombe. At the same time the settlers, who numbered about 50, sent a memorial to the governor calling attention to the fact that they were acknowledged rulers over a large tract of territory south of the Tugela River , and asking that this territory should be proclaimed a British colony and that a governor and council be appointed. He behaved with the utmost tact and got rid of the Winburg and Potchefstroom burghers by declaring that he should recommend the Drakensberg as the northern limit of Natal. Farewell, King and Fynn made independent settlements at various parts of the bay. In April Lord Stanley , then Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in the second Peel Administration , wrote to Sir George Napier that the establishment of a colony in Natal would be attended with little prospect of advantage, but at the same time stated that the pretensions of the emigrants to be regarded as an independent community could not be admitted. It reviewed the situation in South Africa in all its economic and political aspects and was a masterly and comprehensive statement of the dangers inherent in the existing political system and of the advantages a political union offered. Indian South Africans First public auction of Natal sugar, Durban, The British settlers quickly realized that the coast lands were suited to the cultivation of tropical or semi-tropical products, and from onward sugar , coffee , cotton and arrowroot were introduced, tea being afterwards substituted for coffee. On 8 August the Natal volksraad unanimously agreed to the terms proposed by Lord Stanley.